Elisha in Islam

Prophet in Islam

Alyasa
اليسع
Prophet Elisha Name.svg
Alyasa in Islamic calligraphy followed by Peace be upon him
Known forBeing an Islamic Prophet
PredecessorIlyas
SuccessorYunus

Alyasa (Arabic: اليسع, romanizedAlyasā') is prophet and messenger of God (Allah) who was sent to guide the Children of Israel. In the Quran, Alyasa is mentioned twice as a prophet,[1] and is mentioned both times alongside fellow prophets.[2] He is honored by Muslims as the prophetic successor to Ilyas (Elijah). Islamic sources that identify Elisha with Khidr cite the strong relationship between Khidr and Ilyas in Islamic tradition.[3]

Personality

The name of Alyasa is mentioned twice in Al-An'am 6:86 and Sad 38:48. In those verses, without mentioning anything about the personality or prophethood of Alyasa, he is mentioned as "graced" and "among the elect".[4] According to the Quran, Elisha is exalted "above the rest of creation" (Arabic: فَضَّلْنَا عَلَى ٱلْعَالَمِين, romanizedfaḍḍalnā ʿala l-ʿālamīn(a)[4] and is "among the excellent" (Arabic: مِنَ ٱلْأَخْيَار, romanizedmina l-akhyār).[5] Alyasa is mentioned in Al-An'am 6:86 and Sad 38:48, along with Ismail:

And Ismail and Alyasa and Yunus, and Lut; and each one We graced over the worlds;

— Al-An'am 6:86

And remember Our servants Ismail, Alyasa, and Dhul-Kifl, each of them truly good.

— Sad 38:48

Miracles

In a Shia hadith from Ali al-Ridha, it is mentioned that Alyasa, had some miracles including the revival of the dead, curing the ill, and walking on water.[citation needed]

Claimed tombs

Some Muslims believe the tomb of Elisha is in Al-Awjam in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia. The shrine was removed by the Saudi Government because such veneration is not in accordance with the Wahhabi or Salafi reform movement dominant in Saudi Arabia.[6][7] It had been an important landmark for many centuries during the time of Ottoman Arabia, and had been a very popular pilgrimage destination for Muslims of all sects throughout the pre-modern period.[8]

The grave of Elisha is present in the Eğil district of Diyarbakir Province, Turkey.[9] The original shrine was near a riverbed that was to be flooded in 1994. A secret board of nine scholars was formed by the city council in cooperation with the Directorate of Religious Affairs to avoid drawing the ire of the public to the exhumation. Before the area was flooded, the grave was dug at night and the preserved body of the prophet - witnessed by the nine scholars and official workers - was exhumed to be buried on a hill overlooking the flooded plain. However, many of the townfolk saw the prophet in their dream that night, and turned out before sunrise to observe his reburial in the new spot.[10][11]

References

  1. ^ Tottoli, Roberto, “Elisha”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Brill Online.
  2. ^ Tottoli, Roberto, “Elisha”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Brill Online.
  3. ^ al-Rabghūzī, Stories of the prophets, ed. Hendrik E. Boeschoten, M. Vandamme, and Semih Tezcan [Leiden 1995], 2:460
  4. ^ a b "Surah Al-An'am - 86". quran.com. Retrieved 2021-08-11.
  5. ^ "Surah Sad - 48". quran.com. Retrieved 2021-08-11.
  6. ^ "Religious curbs in Saudi Arabia – Report: JAFARIYA NEWS, December 12 News".
  7. ^ "Salafi Bidah in respecting the signs of Allah".
  8. ^ اليسع (Al-Yasa) (in Arabic)
  9. ^ "Diyarbakır - Eğil - Peygamberler Türbesi".
  10. ^ Baraj suyu çekilince peygamberlerin kabirleri gün yüzüne çıktı (Turkish)ilkha. Posted 19 December 2018.
  11. ^ Diyarbakirda 2 Peygamber Naaslarinin Naklinde Inanilmaz Olaylar Gerceklesti (Turkish)KorkusuzMedya. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
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آدمإدريسنوحهودصالحإبراهيملوطإسماعيل
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إسحاقيعقوبيوسفأيوبشُعيبموسىهارونذو الكفلداود
سليمانإلياسإليسعيونسزكريايحيىعيسىمُحمد
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