List of presidents of Turkey

List of heads of state of Turkey

The president of Turkey is the head of state of Turkey. There have been twelve heads of state since the inception of the republican period in 1923, following the Turkish War of Independence.

For a list of rulers of the predecessor Ottoman Empire, see List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire.

List of presidents

No. Portrait Name
(Lifespan)
Term of office & mandate
Duration in years and days
Party Previous function
1 Ataturk1930s.jpg Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
(1881–1938)
29 October
1923
10 November
1938
1923 Republican People's Party 1st Speaker of the Grand National Assembly
1927
1931
1935
15 years and 13 days
2 Inonu Ismet.jpg İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
10 November
1938
27 May
1950
1938 Republican People's Party 1st Prime Minister of Turkey
1939
1943
1946
11 years and 198 days
3 Mahmut Celalettin Bayar.png Celâl Bayar
(1883–1986)
27 May
1950
27 May
1954
1950 Democrat Party 3rd Prime Minister of Turkey
1954
1957
10 years and 1 day
4 Cemal Gürsel.jpg Cemal Gürsel
(1895–1966)
27 May
1960
28 March
1966
Independent Chairman of the National Unity Committee
1961
4 years and 170 days
5 Turkse chef Generale staf (Generaal Sunay),, Bestanddeelnr 916-7535 (cropped).jpg Cevdet Sunay
(1899–1982)
28 March
1966
28 March
1973
1966 Independent 12th Chief of the Turkish General Staff
7 years and 1 day
6 Fahri Korutürk
(1903–1987)
28 March
1973
6 April
1980
1973 Independent 3rd Commander of the Turkish Navy
7 years and 1 day
7 Kenan Evren (cropped).png Kenan Evren
(1917–2015)
6 April
1980
9 November
1989
Independent Chairman of the National Security Council
1982
7 years and 1 day
8 (Turgut Özal) Felipe González ofrece una rueda de prensa con el primer ministro de Turquía. Pool Moncloa. 15 de septiembre de 1989 (cropped).jpeg Turgut Özal
(1927–1993)
9 November
1989
17 April
1993
1989 Independent 19th Prime Minister of Turkey
3 years and 160 days
9 Demirel.jpg Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
17 April
1993
16 May
2000
1993 Independent 12th Prime Minister of Turkey
7 years and 1 day
10 Ahmet Necdet Sezer 2006.jpg Ahmet Necdet Sezer
(born 1941)
16 May
2000
28 August
2007
2000 Independent 14th President of the Constitutional Court of Turkey
7 years and 105 days
11 Abdullah Gül (cropped version).jpg Abdullah Gül
(born 1950)
28 August
2007
28 August
2014
2007 Independent 40th Minister of Foreign Affairs
7 years and 1 day
12 Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Ukraine.jpg Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(born 1954)
28 August
2014
Incumbent 2014 Independent 25th Prime Minister of Turkey
2018 Justice and Development Party
8 years and 29 days

Timeline

Recep Tayyip ErdoğanAbdullah GülAhmet Necdet SezerSüleyman DemirelHüsamettin CindorukTurgut ÖzalKenan Evrenİhsan Sabri ÇağlayangilFahri KorutürkTekin ArıburunCevdet Sunayİbrahim Şevki AtasagunCemal GürselCelal Bayarİsmet İnönüMustafa Abdülhalik RendaMustafa Kemal Atatürk

List of presidents by age

Age of presidents when assuming office

The median age at inauguration of incoming Turkish presidents is 63.5 years. The specific years and days median is 55 years and 104.5 days, which falls midway between how old Turgut Özal was in 1989 and Kenan Evren was in 1982.

The youngest person to assume the presidency was Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who, at the age of 42, was the founding father of the newly formed Turkish Republic. The oldest to become president by election was Fahri Korutürk, who was inaugurated at age 69.[1] At age 63, Abdullah Gül was the youngest person to become a former president. The oldest president at the end of his tenure was Celâl Bayar at 77.

Cemal Gürsel had the shortest retirement of any president, dying barely five months after leaving office at age 70 (the youngest president to die of natural causes). His presidency was prematurely terminated by the Parliament in conformity with the Constitution due to worsening of his health.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and Turgut Özal experienced no post-presidency retirement as both died in office due to natural reasons.[2][3] Celâl Bayar's post-presidency retirement, which lasted 26 years, is the longest in Turkish presidential history. At age 103, Celâl Bayar was also the nation's longest-lived president. He is one of three Turkish presidents (along with Süleyman Demirel and Kenan Evren) to have lived into their 90s. Currently, the youngest living president is Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, age 68.

No. President Born Age at
start of presidency
Age at
end of presidency
Post-presidency
timespan
Lifespan
Died Age
01 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk January 4, 1881 42 years, 298 days
Oct 29, 1923
57 years, 310 days
Nov 10, 1938
00,0010 days[a] Nov 10, 1938 57 years, 310 days
02 İsmet İnönü September 24, 1884 54 years, 48 days
Nov 11, 1938
65 years, 245 days
May 27, 1950
23 years, 212 days Dec 25, 1973 89 years, 92 days
03 Celâl Bayar May 16, 1883 67 years, 11 days
May 27, 1950
77 years, 11 days
May 27, 1960
26 years, 87 days Aug 22, 1986 103 years, 98 days
04 Cemal Gürsel October 13, 1895 65 years, 362 days
Oct 10, 1961
70 years, 166 days
Mar 28, 1966
170 days Sep 14, 1966 70 years, 336 days
05 Cevdet Sunay February 10, 1899 67 years, 46 days
Mar 28, 1966
74 years, 46 days
Mar 28, 1973
9 years, 55 days May 22, 1982 83 years, 101 days
06 Fahri Korutürk August 3, 1903 69 years, 246 days
Apr 6, 1973
76 years, 247 days
Apr 6, 1980
7 years, 189 days Oct 12, 1987 84 years, 70 days
07 Kenan Evren July 17, 1917 65 years, 115 days
Nov 9, 1982
72 years, 115 days
Nov 9, 1989
25 years, 181 days May 9, 2015 97 years, 296 days
08 Turgut Özal October 13, 1927 62 years, 27 days
Nov 9, 1989
65 years, 186 days
Apr 17, 1993
00,0010 days[a] Apr 17, 1993 65 years, 186 days
09 Süleyman Demirel November 1, 1924 68 years, 196 days
May 16, 1993
75 years, 197 days
May 16, 2000
15 years, 32 days Jun 17, 2015 90 years, 228 days
10 Ahmet Necdet Sezer September 13, 1941 58 years, 246 days
May 16, 2000
65 years, 349 days
Aug 28, 2007
15 years, 28 days 2022-09-25(living) 81 years, 12 days
11 Abdullah Gül October 29, 1950 56 years, 303 days
Aug 28, 2007
63 years, 303 days
Aug 28, 2014
8 years, 28 days 2022-09-25(living) 71 years, 331 days
12 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan February 26, 1954 60 years, 183 days
Aug 28, 2014
68 years, 211 days(incumbent) (incumbent) 2022-09-25(living) 68 years, 211 days
# President Born Age at
start of presidency
Age at
end of presidency
Post-presidency
timespan
Died Age
Lifespan

  1. ^ a b Died in office

Graphical representation

This is a graphical lifespan timeline of the presidents of Turkey. They are listed in order of office.

Recep Tayyip ErdoğanAbdullah GülAhmet Necdet SezerSüleyman DemirelTurgut ÖzalKenan EvrenFahri KorutürkCevdet SunayCemal GürselCelâl Bayarİsmet İnönüMustafa Kemal Atatürk

The following chart shows presidents by their age (living presidents in green), with the years of their presidency in blue.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Türkiye'nin 12 Cumhurbaşkanı". BİA Haber Merkezi. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  2. ^ Cavendish, Richard (11 November 2013). "Mustafa Kemal Ataturk dies in Istanbul". History Today. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  3. ^ Cowell, Alan (18 April 1993). "Turgut Ozal, 66, Dies in Ankara; Pugnacious President of Turkey". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 September 2022.

External links

  • Past presidents, Presidency of the Republic of Turkey.