Reprehensible but not forbidden action in Islam
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In Islamic terminology, something which is makruh (Arabic: مكروه, transliterated: makrooh or makrūh) is a disliked or offensive act (literally "detestable" or "abominable"[1]). This is one of the five categories (al-ahkam al-khamsa) in Islamic law – wajib/fard (obligatory), Mustahabb/mandub (recommended), mubah (neutral), makruh (disapproved), haram (forbidden).[2]

Though a makruh act is not haram (forbidden) or subject to punishment, a person who abstains from this act will be rewarded.[1] Muslims are encouraged to avoid such actions when or as possible. It is one of the degrees of approval (ahkam) in Islamic law.


Some of the examples of something considered makruh are the use of a great amount of water when performing ritual purifications known as the wudu (partial ablution, or abdest) and ghusl (full ablution) or the consumption of garlic before attending the mosque or socializing with others.[1][3]

An example of a food which is considered makruh for Muslims of the Hanafi school is prawns (but only for the Hanafi school).[4] There are, however, shared attitudes within the Hanafi school of whether shrimp are considered water game and are thereby halal. Hanafis believe in refraining from it and in eating something else if possible.[5]

Other examples of makruh acts in Islam include swearing, talking while taking ablutions for prayer, biting nails, and slaughtering an animal for food where other animals of its kind can see it.[citation needed]

See also


  1. ^ a b c al-Dīn, Mūʼil Yūsuf ʻIzz (2004). Islamic Law: From Historical Foundations to Contemporary Practice. Edinburgh University Press. p. 98. ISBN 9780748614592. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  2. ^ Campo, Juan Eduardo (2009). Encyclopedia of Islam. infobase. p. 284. ISBN 9781438126968. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  3. ^ Sonbol, Amira El Azhary, ed. (June 1996). Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History. Syracuse University Press. p. 265. ISBN 9780815603832. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  4. ^ Lawful to you is the pursuit of water game and its use for food, for the benefit of yourselves and those who travel; ….[5:96]..
  5. ^ Ruling on Shrimp, archived from the original on 2013-12-02

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