Outline of Islam

Overview of and topical guide to Islam

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Islam
Allah3.svg
Beliefs
  • Oneness of God
  • Angels
  • Day of Resurrection
  • Predestination
  • Profession of Faith
  • Prayer
  • Almsgiving
  • Fasting
  • Pilgrimage
  • Tafsir (exegesis)
  • Aqidah (creed)
  • Fiqh (jurisprudence)
  • Sharia (law)
  •  Islam portal
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Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah)[1] and that Muhammad is His last Messenger.[2][3]

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Islam.

Beliefs

Part of a series on Islam
Aqidah
Silhouette of a mosque
Including:
1Salafis (Ahl-i Hadith & Wahhabis)
2Al-Ahbash & Barelvis 3Deobandis & Millî Görüş
4Alawites, Qizilbash & Bektashism; 6Jahmīyya
5Sevener-Qarmatians, Assassins & Druzes
7Ajardi, Azariqa, Bayhasiyya, Najdat & Sūfrī 8Wahbiyyah, Nukkari & Azzabas
9Mevlevis, Süleymancıs & various Ṭarīqah
10Bahshamiyya, Bishriyya & Ikhshîdiyya
11Bektashis & Qalandaris
 Islam portal
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Aqidah

Allah
God in Islam
Tawhid, Oneness of God
Repentance in Islam
Islamic views on sin
Shirk, Partnership and Idolatory
Haram
Kufr
Bid‘ah

Sunni / Ibadi / Ahmadiyya

Shia Twelvers

Shia Ismaili

Prophets

Part of a series on
Muhammad
Muhammad circular symbol
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Scripture

Quran
Quran calligraphy
Characteristics
  • Category
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Part of a series on
Hadith
Hadith calligraphy
Kutub Al-Sittah
("The Six Books")
Sahih al-Bukhari صحيح البخاري
Sahih Muslim صحيح مسلم
Jami' al-Tirmidhi جامع الترمذي
Sunan Abu Dawood سنن أبي داود
Sunan al-Nasa'i سنن النسائي
Sunan Ibn Majah سنن ابن ماجه
Others
Muwatta Imam Malik
Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal
Al-Adab al-Mufrad
Al-Shama'il al-Muhammadiyya
Al-Mustadrak ala al-Sahihayn
Sahih Ibn Hibban
Sunan al-Daraqutni
Sunan al-Darimi
Sunan al-Nasa'i al-Kubra
Sunan al-Bayhaqi
Shu'ab al-Iman
Musannaf of Abd al-Razzaq
Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah
Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah
Sahifah Hammam ibn Munabbih
Al-Mu'jam al-Kabeer
Al-Mu'jam al-Awsat
Al-Mu'jam al-Saghir
Tahdhib al-Athar
Kitab al-Athar
Musnad Abu Hanifa
Musnad al-Shafi'i
Musnad al-Siraj
Musnad al-Firdous
Musnad Abu Ya'la
Musnad al-Tayalisi
Musnad Abu Awanah
Sunan Sa'id ibn Mansur
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Related topics
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People and things in the Quran
Non-humans
Animals
Related
Non-related
Malāʾikah (Angels)
Archangels
  • Jibrīl (Gabriel, chief)
    • Ar-Rūḥ ('The Spirit')
      • Ar-Rūḥ al-Amīn ('The Trustworthy Spirit')
      • Ar-Rūḥ al-Qudus ('The Holy Spirit')
  • Angel of the Trumpet (Isrāfīl or Raphael)
  • Malakul-Mawt (Angel of Death, Azrael)
  • Mīkāil (Michael)
Jinn (Genies)
Shayāṭīn (Demons)
Others
Mentioned
Ulul-ʿAzm
('Those of the
Perseverance
and Strong Will')
Debatable ones
Implied
People of Prophets
Good ones
People of
Joseph
  • Brothers (including Binyāmin (Benjamin) and Simeon)
  • Egyptians
    • ʿAzīz (Potiphar, Qatafir or Qittin)
    • Malik (King Ar-Rayyān ibn Al-Walīd))
    • Wife of ʿAzīz (Zulaykhah)
  • Mother
People of
Aaron and Moses
Evil ones
Implied or
not specified
Groups
Mentioned
Tribes,
ethnicities
or families
Aʿrāb (Arabs
or Bedouins)
Ahl al-Bayt
('People of the
Household')
Implicitly
mentioned
Religious
groups
Locations
Mentioned
In the
Arabian Peninsula
(excluding Madyan)
Sinai Region or Tīh Desert
In Mesopotamia
Religious
locations
Implied
Events, incidents, occasions or times
Battles or
military expeditions
Days
Months of the
Islamic calendar
Pilgrimages
  • Al-Ḥajj (literally 'The Pilgrimage', the Greater Pilgrimage)
  • Al-ʿUmrah (The Lesser Pilgrimage)
Times for prayer
or remembrance
Times for Duʿāʾ ('Invocation'), Ṣalāh and Dhikr ('Remembrance', including Taḥmīd ('Praising'), Takbīr and Tasbīḥ):
  • Al-ʿAshiyy (The Afternoon or the Night)
  • Al-Ghuduww ('The Mornings')
    • Al-Bukrah ('The Morning')
    • Aṣ-Ṣabāḥ ('The Morning')
  • Al-Layl ('The Night')
  • Aẓ-Ẓuhr ('The Noon')
  • Dulūk ash-Shams ('Decline of the Sun')
    • Al-Masāʾ ('The Evening')
    • Qabl al-Ghurūb ('Before the Setting (of the Sun)')
      • Al-Aṣīl ('The Afternoon')
      • Al-ʿAṣr ('The Afternoon')
  • Qabl ṭulūʿ ash-Shams ('Before the rising of the Sun')
    • Al-Fajr ('The Dawn')
Implied
Other
Holy books
Objects
of people
or beings
Mentioned idols
(cult images)
Of Israelites
Of Noah's people
Of Quraysh
Celestial
bodies
Maṣābīḥ (literally 'lamps'):
  • Al-Qamar (The Moon)
  • Kawākib (Planets)
    • Al-Arḍ (The Earth)
  • Nujūm (Stars)
    • Ash-Shams (The Sun)
Plant matter
  • Baṣal (Onion)
  • Fūm (Garlic or wheat)
  • Shaṭʾ (Shoot)
  • Sūq (Plant stem)
  • Zarʿ (Seed)
  • Fruits
    Bushes, trees
    or plants
    Liquids
    • Māʾ (Water or fluid)
      • Nahr (River)
      • Yamm (River or sea)
    • Sharāb (Drink)
    Note: Names are sorted alphabetically. Standard form: Islamic name / Biblical name (title or relationship)
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    Others

    Denominational specifics

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    Ali
    Ali
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    Practice

    Denominational specifics

    Schools and branches

    Islam by country Sunni Shias   Ibadi
    Distribution of Sunni, Shia, Quranist, Ibadi, and Nondenominational Muslim branches
    Part of a series on
    Sunni Islam
    Ahlul Sunnah.png
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    Part of a series on:
    Salafi movement
    Sab'u Masajid.jpg
    Sab'u Masajid, Saudi Arabia

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    Philosophy

    Theology

    Law

    Part of a series on
    Islamic jurisprudence
    (fiqh)
    Al-Fiqh
    • Hudud
    • Blasphemy
    • Maisir  (gambling)
    • Zina  (illicit sex)
    • Hirabah  (unlawful warfare and banditry)
    • Fasad  ("mischief")
    • Mofsed-e-filarz  ("spreading corruption")
    • Fitna  ("sedition")
    • Rajm  (stoning)
    • Tazir  (discretionary)
    • Qisas  (retaliation)
    • Diya  (compensation)
    Islamic studies
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    Hadith

    Main article
    Hadith
    Important Sunni Hadith
    Kutub al-Sittah
    Sahih al-Bukhari
    Sahih Muslim
    Al-Sunan al-Sughra
    Sunan Abu Dawood
    Jami` at-Tirmidhi
    Sunan ibn Majah
    Important Shia Hadith
    The Four Books
    Kitab al-Kafi
    Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih
    Tahdhib al-Ahkam
    Al-Istibsar
    Hadith Collectors
    Muhammad al-Bukhari
    Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj
    Abu Dawood
    Commentary for Sahih al-Bukhari
    Fath al-Bari
    Related
    Hadith studies
    Hadith terminology

    The supernatural in Islam

    Islamic Concept of God
    God in Islam
    Names of God in Islam
    Allah
    The Light before the Material World
    Nūr (Islam)
    Muhammad in Islam
    Al-Insān al-Kāmil
    Holy Spirit in Islam
    Miracles
    Islamic view of miracles
    Quran and miracles
    Challenge of the Quran
    Miracles of Muhammad
    Saints
    The Angels
    Angels in Islam
    Alam al Jabarut
    Archangel
    Artiya'il
    Azrael
    Cherub
    Darda'il
    Gabriel
    Habib
    Harut and Marut
    Illiyin
    Israfil, Raphael (archangel)
    Jannah
    Kiraman Katibin
    Michael (archangel)
    Mu'aqqibat, Hafaza, The Guardian angels
    Recording angel
    Riḍwan
    Seraph
    Beings and Forces in ordinary life
    Asmodeus
    Al-Baqarah
    Al-Ikhlas
    Al-Mu'awwidhatayn
    Al-Falaq
    Al-Nas
    Adhan
    Throne Verse, also known as Al-Baqara 255 and Ayatul Kursi
    Evil eye
    Hatif
    Hinn (mythology)
    Ifrit
    Jinn
    Sura Al-Jinn
    Exorcism in Islam
    Ful-filling Fard
    Preventing Major Sins
    Removing Haram objects from body and Home
    Destroying suspicious magical items, Ta'wiz, Talisman, Amulet
    Stop giving information to suspects, Fortune-tellers, Magicians
    Marid
    Magic (paranormal)
    Malakut
    Peri
    Qalb
    Qareen
    Solomon in Islam
    Death and Human spirit
    Barzakh
    Illiyin
    Islamic view of death
    Munkar and Nakir
    Nāzi'āt and Nāshiṭāt
    Nafs
    Rūḥ
    Fallen Angels, Devils and Hell
    As-Sirāt
    Azazel
    Dajjal
    Div
    Falak (Arabian legend)
    Fallen angel
    Iblis
    Jahannam
    Maalik
    Nar as Samum
    Shaitan
    Sijjin
    Zabaniyya
    Zaqqum

    Islamic Legends

    Adam in Islam
    Akhirah
    Al-Safa and Al-Marwah
    Azazel
    Azrael
    Barzakh
    Beast of the Earth
    Biblical and Quranic narratives
    Biblical figures in Islamic tradition
    Black Standard
    Black Stone
    Cain and Abel in Islam
    Crescent
    Darda'il
    Devil (Islam)
    Dhul-Qarnayn
    Dome of the Rock
    Foundation Stone
    Gabriel
    Gog and Magog
    Green in Islam
    Hafaza
    Hajj
    Harut and Marut
    Hateem
    Holy Spirit (Islam)
    Ishmael in Islam
    Islamic eschatology
    Islamic flags
    Islamic view of angels
    Islamic view of Jesus' death
    Isra and Mi'raj
    Israfil
    Jahannam
    Jannah
    Jesus in Ahmadiyya Islam
    Jesus in Islam
    Kaaba
    Khidr
    Kiraman Katibin
    Kiswah
    Maalik
    Mahdi
    Mary in Islam
    Masih ad-Dajjal
    Michael (archangel)
    Moses in Islam
    Mu'aqqibat
    Munkar and Nakir
    Noah in Islam
    Queen of Sheba
    Raphael (archangel)
    Recording angel
    Ridwan (name)
    Rub el Hizb
    Sarah
    Satan
    Solomon in Islam
    Star and crescent
    Symbols of Islam
    Tawaf
    The Occultation
    Well of Souls
    Zamzam Well
    Zaqqum

    History

    Timeline of 6th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 7th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 8th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 9th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 10th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 11th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 12th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 13th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 14th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 15th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 16th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 17th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 18th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 19th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 20th-century Muslim history
    Timeline of 21st-century Muslim history

    History of Islam by topic

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    Society

    Today



    Using tabular calculations


    Places

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    Sovereign states
    States with limited
    recognition
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    • Somaliland
    Dependencies and
    other territories
    • Canary Islands / Ceuta / Melilla  (Spain)
    • Madeira (Portugal)
    • Mayotte / Réunion (France)
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    Sovereign states
    States with
    limited recognition
    Dependencies and
    other territories
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    Sovereign states
    States with limited
    recognition
    • Abkhazia
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    Dependencies and
    other entities
    • Åland
    • Faroe Islands
    • Gibraltar
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    • Isle of Man
    • Jersey
    • Svalbard
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    Sovereign states
    Associated states
    of New Zealand
    • Cook Islands
    • Niue
    Dependencies
    and other territories
    • American Samoa
    • Christmas Island
    • Cocos (Keeling) Islands
    • Easter Island
    • French Polynesia
    • Guam
    • Hawaii
    • New Caledonia
    • Norfolk Island
    • Northern Mariana Islands
    • Pitcairn Islands
    • Tokelau
    • Wallis and Futuna
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    Sovereign states
    • Antigua and Barbuda
    • Bahamas
    • Barbados
    • Belize
    • Canada
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    • Cuba
    • Dominica
    • Dominican Republic
    • El Salvador
    • Grenada
    • Guatemala
    • Haiti
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    • United States
    Dependencies and
    other territories
    • Anguilla
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    • British Virgin Islands
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    • Curaçao
    • Greenland
    • Guadeloupe
    • Martinique
    • Montserrat
    • Puerto Rico
    • Saint Barthélemy
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    Sovereign states
    Dependencies and
    other territories
    • Falkland Islands
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    • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands


    Culture

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    Architecture
    Regional styles
    Elements
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    Arts
    Regional styles
    Carpets
    Pottery
    Textiles
    Woodwork
    Other media
    Arts of
    the book
    Miniatures
    Calligraphy
    Other arts
    Decoration
    The garden
    Museums,
    collections
    Principles,
    influences
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    Styles
    Elements
    Materials
    Iranian Tiles 1.JPG
    Arches
    Roofs
    Religious
    objects
    Decorations
    Rooms
    Gardens
    Outdoor
    objects
    Passive
    cooling
    Types
    Religious
    Civilian
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    Resources
    Influences
    Category pages
    • Arabic architecture
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    Politics

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    Outline
    Concepts
    Movements
    Socio-political
    Political parties
    Related
    Political leaders
    Movements
    Scholastic
    Political
    Major figures
    Related
    Ideology
    Movements
    Major figures
    Related
    Other topics
    Texts
    • Reconstruction (Iqbal, 1930s)
    • Forty Hadith (Khomeini, 1940)
    • Principles (Asad, 1961)
    • Milestones (Qutb, 1964)
    • Islamic Government (Khomeini, 1970)
    • Islamic Declaration (Izetbegović, 1969-1970)
    • The Green Book (Gaddafi, 1975)
    Historical
    events
    Influences
    by region
    Related topics
    • Islam in South Asia · North Africa

    Muslim world

    The Muslim population of the world map by percentage of each country, according to the Pew Forum (assessed on 29 June 2014).
    Islam by country
    Islam percent population in each nation World Map Muslim data by Pew Research.svg
    World percentage of Muslims by country
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    People

    Key religious figures

    Prophets and messengers in the Qur'an
    Name Prophet Messenger Ulul'Azm Book Sent to Law (Sharia) Judeo-Christian Equivalent Chronological Order
    Harun [4] Aaron 15
    Ibrahim [5] [6] [7] Scrolls of Abraham[8] The people of Ibrahim[9] [10] Abraham 6
    Adam/Aadam [11] Adam 1
    Da'ud [12] Zabur (Psalms)[13] David 17
    Ilias [12] [14] The people of Elias[15] Elijah 19
    Alyasa [12] Elisha 20
    Idris [16] Enoch 2
    Dhul-Kifl [17] Ezekiel 16
    Hud [18] [18] ʿĀd[19] Eber 4
    Is'haq [20] Isaac 9
    Isma'il [21] [21] Ishmael 8
    Yaqub [20] Jacob 10
    Shuaib [22] [22] Midian[23] Jethro 13
    Isa [24] [25] [26][27] Injil (Gospel)[28] The people of Israel[29] [10] Jesus 24
    Ayyub [30] Job 12
    Yahya [31] John the Baptist 23
    Yusuf [30] [32] Joseph 11
    Younis [12] [33] The people of Younis[34] Jonah 21
    Lut [35] [36] The people of Lot[37] Lot 7
    Nuh [12] [38] [26][27] The people of Noah[39] [10] Noah 3
    Muhammad [40][41] [42] [7] Quran[43] Whole Mankind and Jinn[44] [10] 25
    Musa [45] [45] [26][27] Tawrah (Torah)[46] Pharaoh and his establishment[47] [10] Moses 14
    Salih [48] [48] Thamud[49] Salah 5
    Sulaiman [12] Solomon 18
    Zakariyyah [12] Zechariah 22

    Muhammad

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    Related things
    Books
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    Books about
    Sirat-un-Nabi
    Durood
    Places
    Cities
    Symbolic
    Mosques


    Sahabah

    Ashara e mubashra
    Hadith of the ten promised paradise
    Abu Bakr
    Umar
    Uthman ibn Affan
    Ali
    Talhah
    Az-Zubair
    Abdur Rahman bin Awf
    Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas
    Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah
    Sa'id ibn Zayd
    Most hadith narrating sahabah
    Abu Hurairah
    Abdullah Ibn Umar
    Anas ibn Malik
    Aisha
    Abd Allah ibn Abbas
    Jabir ibn Abd Allah
    Abu Sa‘id al-Khudri
    Abdullah ibn Masud
    'Abd Allah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As
    Umar
    Uthman
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    The ten to whom Paradise was promised – al-ʿashara al-mubashshara


    Denominational specifics

    Sunni Islam

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    The Great Mosque of Kairouan in present day Tunisia
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    Scholars of other Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence
    • Hanafi
    • Hanbali
    • Maliki
    • Zahiri


    Deobandi
    Barelvi

    Shia Islam

    • v
    • t
    • e
       

    Abd Allah ibn Abbas
    Abu Hamza al-Thumali
    Abu Hatam al-A‘raji
    Abū Bakr ibn al-Barqi
    Abū Zar‘a

    al-Farazdaq
    al-Himyari
    Hammad ibn Zayd
    Ibn Shahab
    Ibn Zayd

    Sa‘id ibn al-Musayyab
    Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz
    Yahya ibn Sa‘id
    Zayd ibn Aslam

    • List of Shia Imams
    • v
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    Twelver
    Hafizi
    Tayyibi
    Nizari
    (Qasim-Shahi)
    1. Ali
    2. Husayn ibn Ali
    3. Ali al-Sajjad
    4. Muhammad al-Baqir
    5. Ja'far al-Sadiq
    6. Isma'il ibn Ja'far
    7. Muhammad ibn Isma'il
    8. Abdallah (Wafi Ahmad)
    9. Ahmad (Taqi Muhammad)
    10. Husayn (Radhi Abdallah)
    11. Abdallah al-Mahdi#
    12. al-Qa'im#
    13. Isma'il al-Mansur#
    14. Ma'ad al-Mu'izz#
    15. Nizar al-Aziz#
    16. Mansur al-Hakim#
    17. Ali al-Zahir#
    18. Ma'ad al-Mustansir#
    19. Nizar
    20. Ali al-Hadi§
    21. Muhammad (I) al-Mutadi§
    22. Hasan (I) al-Qahir§
    23. Hasan (II) Ala Dhikrihi's Salam
    24. Nur al-Din Muhammad II
    25. Jalal al-Din Hasan III
    26. Ala al-Din Muhammad III
    27. Rukn al-Din Khurshah
    28. Shams al-Din Muhammad
    29. Qasim Shah
    30. Islam Shah
    31. Muhammad ibn Islam Shah
    32. Ali Shah (al-Mustansir Billah II)
    33. Abd al-Salam Shah
    34. Gharib Mirza (al-Mustansir Billah III)
    35. Abu Dharr Ali
    36. Murad Mirza
    37. Khalil Allah I (Dhu'l-Faqar Ali)
    38. Nur al-Dahr Ali
    39. Khalil Allah II Ali
    40. Shah Nizar II
    41. Sayyid Ali
    42. Sayyid Hasan Ali
    43. Qasim Ali
    44. Abu'l-Hasan Ali
    45. Shah Khalil Allah III
    46. Aga Khan I
    47. Aga Khan II
    48. Aga Khan III
    49. Aga Khan IV
    Nizari
    (Mu'mini)
    1. Ali
    2. Husayn ibn Ali
    3. Ali al-Sajjad
    4. Muhammad al-Baqir
    5. Ja'far al-Sadiq
    6. Isma'il ibn Ja'far
    7. Muhammad ibn Isma'il
    8. Abdallah (Wafi Ahmad)
    9. Ahmad (Taqi Muhammad)
    10. Husayn (Radhi Abdallah)
    11. Abdallah al-Mahdi#
    12. al-Qa'im#
    13. Isma'il al-Mansur#
    14. Ma'ad al-Mu'izz#
    15. Nizar al-Aziz#
    16. Mansur al-Hakim#
    17. Ali al-Zahir#
    18. Ma'ad al-Mustansir#
    19. Nizar
    20. Ali al-Hadi§
    21. Muhammad (I) al-Mutadi§
    22. Hasan (I) al-Qahir§
    23. Hasan II
    24. Nur al-Din Muhammad II
    25. Jalal al-Din Hasan III
    26. Ala al-Din Muhammad III
    27. Rukn al-Din Khurshah
    28. Shams al-Din Muhammad
    29. Ala al-Din Mu'min Shah
    30. Muhammad Shah
    31. Radi al-Din I
    32. Tahir
    33. Radi al-Din II
    34. Shah Tahir
    35. Haydar I
    36. Sadr al-Din Miuhammad
    37. Mu'in al-Din I
    38. Atiyyat Allah
    39. Aziz Shah
    40. Mu'in al-Din II
    41. Amir Muhammad
    42. Haydar II
    43. Amir Muhammad II§
    • § in occultation
    • # Fatimid caliphs
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    References

    1. ^ quran.com, Quran Surah Al-Baqara ( Verse 255 )
    2. ^ John L. Esposito (2009). "Islam. Overview". In John L. Esposito (ed.). The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780195305135.001.0001. ISBN 9780195305135. Profession of Faith [...] affirms Islam's absolute monotheism and acceptance of Muḥammad as the messenger of God, the last and final prophet.
    3. ^ F. E. Peters (2009). "Allāh". In John L. Esposito (ed.). The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780195305135.001.0001. ISBN 9780195305135. the Muslims' understanding of Allāh is based [...] on the Qurʿān's public witness. Allāh is Unique, the Creator, Sovereign, and Judge of humankind. It is Allāh who directs the universe through his direct action on nature and who has guided human history through his prophets, Abraham, with whom he made his covenant, Moses, Jesus, and Muḥammad, through all of whom he founded his chosen communities, the "Peoples of the Book."
    4. ^ Quran 19:53
    5. ^ Quran 19:41
    6. ^ Quran 9:70
    7. ^ a b Quran 2:124
    8. ^ Quran 87:19
    9. ^ Quran 22:43
    10. ^ a b c d e Quran 42:13
    11. ^ Quran 2:31
    12. ^ a b c d e f g Quran 6:89
    13. ^ Quran 17:55
    14. ^ Quran 37:123
    15. ^ Quran 37:124
    16. ^ Quran 19:56
    17. ^ Quran 21:85–86
    18. ^ a b Quran 26:125
    19. ^ Quran 7:65
    20. ^ a b Quran 19:49
    21. ^ a b Quran 19:54
    22. ^ a b Quran 26:178
    23. ^ Quran 7:85
    24. ^ Quran 19:30
    25. ^ Quran 4:171
    26. ^ a b c Quran 46:35
    27. ^ a b c Quran 33:7
    28. ^ Quran 57:27
    29. ^ Quran 61:6
    30. ^ a b Quran 4:89
    31. ^ Quran 3:39
    32. ^ Quran 40:34
    33. ^ Quran 37:139
    34. ^ Quran 10:98
    35. ^ Quran 6:86
    36. ^ Quran 37:133
    37. ^ Quran 7:80
    38. ^ Quran 26:107
    39. ^ Quran 26:105
    40. ^ Page 50 "As early as Ibn Ishaq (85–151 AH) the biographer of Muhammad, the Muslims identified the Paraclete – referred to in John's ... "to give his followers another Paraclete that may be with them forever" is none other than Muhammad."
    41. ^ Quran 33:40
    42. ^ Quran 33:40
    43. ^ Quran 42:7
    44. ^ Quran 7:158
    45. ^ a b Quran 19:51
    46. ^ Quran 53:36
    47. ^ Quran 43:46
    48. ^ a b Quran 26:143
    49. ^ Quran 7:73


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