Table of prophets of Abrahamic religions

This is a table containing prophets, sometimes called messengers, of the Abrahamic religions.[1][2]

Baháʼí Christianity Druze Islam Judaism Mandaeism Rastafari Samaritanism
Ádam[3][4] Adam ʾĀdam ʾĀdam[5] Adam Adam ʾĀ̊dā̊m[6]
Abel Hābīl
Seth Šīṯ Šītil Šåt[6]
Edrís (Enoch/Hermes Trismegistus)[7] Enoch ʾAḵnūḵ Idris[8] Enoch Enoch Enoch ʾĪnūḵ[6]
Kenan (Qinā̊n)[6]
Mahalalel (Măʾllēləl)[6]
Jared (Yărăd)[6]
Methuselah (Mətušā̊ːlaʾ)[6]
Lamech (Ləmēk)[6]
Núh[9] Noah Nuh Nuh[8] Noah Nā̊ʾ[6]
Sam Shem (Šēm)[6]
Arpachshad (ʾArpakšā̊d)[6]
Vāsudeva-Krishna[10][11] Krishna (only Ahmadiyya)[12]
Húd[9] Hud[8] Eber (ʿəbăr)[6]
Sálih[9] Saleh[8] Šīlå[6]
Peleg (Pălăg)[6]
Reu (Rəʿu)[6]
Serug (Šărūg)[6]
Nahor (Nāʾūr)[6]
Terah (Tărăʾ)[6]
Zoroaster[13] Zoroaster (Only Ahmadiyya)[14]
Ibráhím[13] Abraham ʾIbrāhīm ʾIbrāhīm[8] Abraham[15] Abraham ʾǍbrǎʾm[6]
Sāra Sarah[15]
Ismá‘íl[9] Ishmael Ismā'īl[8] Yišmaʿʾēl[6]
Isháq[9] Isaac ʾIsḥāq[8] Isaac Isaac Yēṣʾåq[6]
Yaqúb[9] Jacob Yaʾqob Yaqub[8] Jacob[15] Jacob Yå̄ːqob[6]
Yusúf[16] Joseph Yusuf[8] Joseph[15] Joseph Yūsef[6]
Lúta Lot Lut[8]
Ayyúb[9] Job Ayyūb Ayub[8] Job[15] Job
Jeduthun[15]
Asaph/Asoph
Zebulun (Sabalān)
Levi (Lībi)[6]
Akhenaten (Ākhnātūn)
Amram (ʾÅmrām)[6]
Ruth Ruth Ruth
Shu'ayb[9] Jethro Shuʿayb Shoaib[8]
Bithiah[17]
Harún[18] Aaron Harun[8] Aaron[15] Aaron Årron[6]
Miriam Miriam[15] Miriam Maryåm[6]
Musá[13] Moses Mūsā Musa[8] Moses[15] Moses Moše[6]
Joshua (also, "Josue") Yusha (debated)[8][19] Joshua[15] Yēʾūša[6]
el-Khudar[n 1] al-Khidr (debated)[20]
Eldad Ildåd[6]
Medad Mūdåd[6]
Caleb (Kīlåb)[6]
Phinehas Phinehas
Deborah Deborah[15] Deborah
Gideon (only Eastern Orthodox, and Armenian Apostolic) Gideon
Eli
Elkanah
Hannah[15]
Samuel Syamuil[8] Samuel[15] Samuel
"Prophet of the Sabaeans"[21]
"David"[9][n 2] David Dawud[8] King David[15] David
Abigail[15]
Sulaymān [9] Solomon Sulaymān Sulayman King Solomon Solomon
Ahijah HaShiloni Ahijah HaShiloni Ahijah HaShiloni
Hezekiah
Mordecai
Eliphaz (the Temanite)[22]
Bildad (the Shuhite)[22]
Zophar (the Naamathite)[22]
Elihu (the Buzite)[22]
Beor[22]
Balaam[15]
Gad Gad[15] Gad
Nathan Nathan[15] Nathan
Shemaiah Shemaiah[15] Shemiah
Hanani[15] Hanani
Jehu Jehu[15] Jehu
Jahaziel/Chaziel Jahaziel Jahaziel
Eliezer Eliezer Eliezer
Ahiyah
Iddo Iddo[15] Iddo
Micaiah[15] Micaiah
Obadiah[15] Obadiah
Oded Oded[15] Oded
Azariah Azariah Azariah
Ezra/Esdras Uzair[8][23] Ezra (Arabian Peninsula only, formerly)
Nehemiah
Jahaziel
Osee Hosea[15] Horsea
Huldah[15] Huldah
Amos[15] Amos
Micheas Micah[15] Micah
Amoz
Élyás[9] Elijah/Elias el-Khudar[n 1] Ilyas[8] Elijah[15] Ellijah
Elisha al-Yasa Elisha[15] Elisha
Yúnus (Jonas)[24] Jonah/Jonas Yunus[8] Jonah[15] Jonah
Búdá (Buddha)[25] Buddha (Only Ahmadiyya)[26]
Íshiya[9] Isaiah/Isaias Ishaʻyā'[8] Isaiah[15] Isaiah
Ermíya[9] Jeremiah/Jeremias Irmiyā[8] Jeremiah[15] Jeremiah
Zephaniah/Sophonias Zephaniah[15] Zephaniah
Nahum Nahum Nahum
Habakkuk/Habacuc Habakkuk[15] Habakkuk
Za'l Kifl[9] Ezekiel/Ezechiel Dhul-Kifl[8] Ezekiel[15] Ezekiel
Uriah Uriah[15] Uriah
Baruch ben Neriah Baruch ben Neriah Baruch ben Neriah
Neriah Neriah Neriah
Seraiah Seraiah Seraiah
Haggai/Aggeus Haggai[15] Haggai
Zechariah[27] Zechariah/Zacharias Zechariah (Zekaryah)[15] Zechariah
Malachi/Malachias Malachi[15] Malachi
Esther Esther[15]
Yu'íl[9] Joel Joel[15] Joel
Danyál[9] Daniel Daniyal[8][28] Daniel
al-Ya'fūrī
Lehi (Book of Mormon prophet)

(only Mormonism)

Nephi, son of Lehi

(only Mormonism)

Jacob (Book of Mormon prophet)

(only Mormonism)

Enos (Book of Mormon prophet)

(only Mormonism)

Jarom

(only Mormonism)

Omni (Book of Mormon record keeper)

(only Mormonism)

Amaron

(only Mormonism)

Chemish

(only Mormonism)

Abinadom

(only Mormonism)

Amaleki

(only Mormonism)

Neum (Book of Mormon)[29]

(only Mormonism)

Zenos

(only Mormonism)

Zenock

(only Mormonism)

King Benjamin

(only Mormonism)

King Mosiah II[30]

(only Mormonism)

Ammon (Book of Mormon missionary)

(only Mormonism)

Abinadi

(only Mormonism)

Alma the Elder

(only Mormonism)

Alma the Younger

(only Mormonism)

Aaron

(only Mormonism)

Omner

(only Mormonism)

Himni

(only Mormonism)

Ammon (Book of Mormon explorer)

(only Mormonism)

Amulek

(only Mormonism)

Zeezrom

(only Mormonism)

Helaman[31]

(only Mormonism)

Shiblon[32]

(only Mormonism)

Corianton

(only Mormonism)

Helaman II

(only Mormonism)

Nephi, son of Helaman

(only Mormonism)

Lehi, son of Helaman

(only Mormonism)

Zechariah (the Priest)[33] Zakariya[8] Zechariah
Anna
Agabus
Agur
Samuel the Lamanite

(only Mormonism)

Lachoneus the Chief Judge[34]

(only Mormonism)

Pythagoras (Fīṯāḡūras)
Parmenides (Bārminīdes)
Empedocles (ʾAmbadūqlīs)
Alexander
(al-ʾIskandar)
Dhu al-Qarnayn (debated)
Aristotle (ʾArisṭūṭālīs)
Plato (ʾAflāṭūn)
Socrates (Suqrāṭ)
Maryam (debated)[35][36]
Yúna[37] John (the Baptist)[38] el-Khudar[n 1] Yahya ibn Zakariyya[8] Yuhana Maṣbana John (the Baptist)
Jesus Christ[39] Jesus Christ Isā Isa ibn Maryam (Jesus, son of Mary) [8] Jesus of Nazareth
Luke the Evangelist (Lūqā)
Matthew the Apostle (Mattā)
Mark the Apostle (Marqus)
John of Patmos (except Syriac Orthodox Church) John of Patmos
Judas Barsabbas
Barnabas
Simeon Niger
Lucius of Cyrene
Manahen
Silas
Philip the Evangelist
Plotinus (ʾAflūṭīn)
Democrates
Marqah (Mårqe)[6]
Gidgiddoni[40]

(only Mormonism)

Nephi the Disciple

(only Mormonism)

Timothy, son of Nephi

(only Mormonism)

Nephi, son of Nephi the Disciple

(only Mormonism)

Jonas, the son of Nephi

(only Mormonism)

Mathoni[41]

(only Mormonism)

Mathonihah[42]

(only Mormonism)

Kumen[43]

(only Mormonism)

Kumenonhi[44]

(only Mormonism)

Jeremiah

(only Mormonism)

Shemnon[45]

(only Mormonism)

Jonas

(only Mormonism)

Zedekiah

(only Mormonism)

Isaiah

(only Mormonism)

Amos, son of Nephi

(only Mormonism)

Amos, son of Amos

(only Mormonism)

Ammaron

(only Mormonism)

Mormon (Book of Mormon prophet)

(only Mormonism)

Moroni (Book of Mormon prophet)

(only Mormonism)

Mahonri Moriancumer[46][47][48]

(only Mormonism)

Ether (Book of Mormon prophet)

(only Mormonism)

Muhammad[13][49] Muhammad Muhammad[8]
Salman al-Farsi
Ali
al-Hākim
Hamza
Muḥammad ibn Wahb al-Qurashī
Abū'l-Khayr Salama ibn Abd al-Wahhab al-Samurri
Ismāʿīl ibn Muḥammad at-Tamīmī
Bahāʾ al-Dīn
Ad-Darazi
Joseph Smith (only Mormonism)
Deganawida[50] (Native American Baháʼís)
Báb[51]
Bahá'u'lláh[52]
Ellen G. White (only Seventh-day Adventistism)
Marcus Garvey
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (only Ahmadiyya)[53]
Haile Selassie I
Noble Drew Ali (only Moorish Scientists)[54]
Felix Manalo

(only Iglesia ni Cristo)

Vernon Carrington (Prophet Gad)
Elijah Muhammad (only Nation of Islam)[55]

See also

List of Prophets

Footnotes

  1. ^ "ENOCH - JewishEncyclopedia.com". www.jewishencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
  2. ^ In Judaism and Islam the classification of some people as prophets includes those who are not explicitly called so in the Hebrew Bible or Quran. Judaism also uses religious texts other than the Hebrew Bible to define prophets. Moreover, Orthodox rabbis use different criteria for classifying someone as a prophet, e.g. Enoch is not considered a prophet in Judaism. The New Testament may call someone a prophet even though they are not so classified in the Hebrew Bible; for example, Abel, Daniel, and Enoch are described in the New Testament as prophets.
  3. ^ Smith, Peter (2000). "Adam". A Concise Encyclopedia of the Baháʼí Faith. London: Oneworld Publications. ISBN 978-1-78074-480-3. OCLC 890982216. Retrieved 2021-06-26 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ ʻAbdu'l-Bahá (2014) [1908]. Some Answered Questions (newly revised. ed.). Haifa, Israel: Baháʼí World Centre. ISBN 978-0-87743-374-3.
  5. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 15.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Prophets
  7. ^ Brown, Keven (1997). McLean, Jack (ed.). "Hermes Trismegistus and Apollonius of Tyana in the Writings of Bahá'u'lláh". Studies in the Bábí and Baháʼí Religions. Revisioning the Sacred: New Perspectives on a Bahá'í Theology. Los Angeles: Kalimat Press. 8: 153–187. ISBN 0-933770-96-0 – via Bahá'í Library Online.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Noegel & Wheeler 2010, pp. 365–6.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p May, Dann J (December 1993). "Web Published". The Baháʼí Principle of Religious Unity and the Challenge of Radical Pluralism (Thesis). University of North Texas, Denton, Texas. p. 102. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
  10. ^ Smith, Peter (2000). "Manifestations of God". A Concise Encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith. Oxford: Oneworld Publications. p. 231. ISBN 1-85168-184-1.
  11. ^ Esslemont, J. E. (1980). Bahá'u'lláh and the New Era. Wilmette, Illinois, USA: US Baháʼí Publishing Trust. p. 2. ISBN 0-87743-160-4.
  12. ^ Lecture Sialkot Pages 33-34
  13. ^ a b c d Momen, Moojan (1995). Baha'u'llah's Prophetology: Archetypal patterns in the lives of the founders of the world religions. Bahá’í Studies Review, 5.1.
  14. ^ "Zoroastrianism".
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 366.
  16. ^ Stokes, Jim. The Story of Joseph in the Babi and Baha'i Faiths in World Order, 29:2, pp. 25-42, 1997-98 Winter.
  17. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Sotah 12
  18. ^ Dunbar, Hooper C. (1998). A Companion to the Study of the Kitáb-i-Íqán. Oxford, United Kingdom: George Ronald. p. 112. ISBN 0-85398-430-1.
  19. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 178. "Joshua is not mentioned by name in the Quaran, but the exegetes ... see him as the prophetic successor to Moses."
  20. ^ "15. The Ethos of Prophet Khidr". 8 June 2015.
  21. ^ Research Department of the Universal House of Justice. The Sabaeans and African-based Religions in the Americas, in Lights of Irfan, 13, pp. 415-420. Wilmette, IL: Haj Mehdi Armand Colloquium, 2012.
  22. ^ a b c d e Babylonian Talmud, Baba Bathra 15
  23. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 116. "Muslim exegesis on Q 9:30 explains that Ezra was one of the Israelite prophets coming between Solomon and John the Baptist."
  24. ^ 'Abdu'l-Bahá. Tablet about Jonah and the Whale.
  25. ^ Buddhism and the Baháʼí Faith
  26. ^ "Buddha and Jesus". 2000-02-16.
  27. ^ Cynthia C. Shawamreh (December 1998). "Comparison of the Suriy-i-Haykal and the Prophecies of Zechariah". Wilmette Institute.
  28. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 75. "Daniel is not mentioned by name in the Quran, nor are any passages identified by Muslim exegetes as relating to him, but there are accounts of his prophethood in later Muslim literature."
  29. ^ churchofjesuschrist.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «nē´um»
  30. ^ Mosiah 8:13-17, Book of Mormon
  31. ^ Mosiah 1:2
  32. ^ Alma 63:1-2, Book of Mormon
  33. ^ Православный церковный календарь. Имена святых, упоминаемые в месяцеслове. Имена мужские. З — Захария (Праведный) (in Russian)
  34. ^ 3 Nephi 3:16-19, Book of Mormon
  35. ^ Farooq, Mohammad Omar. "Imam Ibn Hazm: On Prophethood of Women". Archived from the original on 2005-03-12.
  36. ^ Ibrahim, Mohammed Zayki (2015). "Ibn Ḥazm's theory of prophecy of women: Literalism, logic, and perfection". Intellectual Discourse. IIUM Press. 23 (1): 76–77. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.831.1259. eISSN 2289-5639. ISSN 0128-4878.
  37. ^ McLean, Jack (2013). John the Baptist and Baha'i Prophetic Categories: An Atypical Paradigm.
  38. ^ Православный церковный календарь. Имена святых, упоминаемые в месяцеслове. Имена мужские. И — Иоанн (Пророк, Предтеча и Креститель Господень) (in Russian)
  39. ^ Stockman, Robert. Jesus Christ in the Bahá'í Writings, in Bahá’í Studies Review, 2:1, Association for Baha'i Studies English-Speaking Europe, London, 1992.
  40. ^ 3 Nephi 3:18-19, Book of Mormon
  41. ^ churchofjesuschrist.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «ma-thō´nī»
  42. ^ churchofjesuschrist.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «măth-ō-nī´hä»
  43. ^ "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «kū´mun»
  44. ^ churchofjesuschrist.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «kū´ma-nän´hī»
  45. ^ churchofjesuschrist.org: "Book of Mormon Pronunciation Guide" (retrieved 2012-02-25), IPA-ified from «shĕm´nän»
  46. ^ "The Jaredites," The Juvenile Instructor, [1 May 1892], p. 282 n.
  47. ^ Chapter 48, Book of Mormon Student Manual, Religion 121 and 122, 1996
  48. ^ "Understanding the Scriptures", "Ether 2 The Jaredites Build Barges", Book of Mormon Seminary Student Study Guide, [2000]
  49. ^ Momen, Moojan (2000). Islam and the Baháʼí Faith. Oxford, UK: George Ronald. ISBN 0-85398-446-8.
  50. ^ Buck, Christopher; Addison Donald. Messengers of God in North America, Revisited: An Exegesis of 'Abdu'l-Bahá's Tablet to Amír Khán, in Online Journal of Bahá'í Studies, 1, pp. 180-270, Association for Baha'i Studies of New Zealand, 2007.
  51. ^ Martin, Douglas. The Mission of the Báb: Retrospective 1844-1994, in Bahá'í World, Vol. 23 (1994-1995).
  52. ^ Hatcher, W.S.; Martin, J.D. (2002). The Baháʼí Faith: The Emerging Global Religion. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-065441-4.
  53. ^ Simon Ross Valentine (2008). Islam and the Ahmadiyya Jama'at: History, Belief, Practice. Columbia University Press. p. 134. ISBN 978-1-85065-916-7.
  54. ^ Paghdiwala, Tasneem (2007-11-15). "The Aging of the Moors". Chicago Reader. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
  55. ^ African American Religious Leaders – Jim Haskins, Kathleen Benson. 2008. p. 76.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Druze entitle at least four prophets as el-Khudar ("the green one") in the belief that they all represented a reincarnating prophet. These prophets, in order, were Elijah, John the Baptist, Saint George, and Sidna Abu Ibrahim.
  2. ^ The Baháʼí Manifestation of God known as 'David' is not the same individual as King David - as is the case with the other religions listed here. This David, according to Báb, lived before Moses.

Bibliography